Although Web 3.0 contains richer semantics, from an industry perspective, Web 3.0 refers to a . Web operations and maintenance will be conducted in a more decentralized manner. ii. User digital identity, with assets and data owned by individuals. iii. The deconstruction and reconstruction of centralized organizational structures.

Web3.0 employed people can get rid of the geographical barriers, so as to seek more diversified development. Those who can work more, work more, and work more flexibly. The book Sovereign Individuals has mentioned this organizational structure, the Hollywood project system – directors, actors, lighting technicians, cameramen, sound technicians, and costumers are assembled together through projects and go their separate ways at the end of the project. So, based on these features of Web 3.0, what job opportunities will be available to individuals in the future? In this article, we will talk about this topic in the context of the current state of the industry.

First, let’s look at the composition of Web3. According to Coinbase’s classification, Web3 can be roughly divided into 4 layers. They are Protocol layer, Infrastructure / Category Primitives, User Case Layer, and Access Layer. It is the underlying architecture of blockchain, on which all products and services are built, mainly represented by public chain and layer 2. The second layer is the Infrastructure / Category Primitives layer, which consists of interoperable modules, each of which corresponds to a specific function, and smart contracts are one of its manifestations. The third layer is the User Case Layer, which contains more front-end applications: games, social, Defi, NFT, etc. The top layer is the Access Layer, which is the user’s portal to Web3 and is dominated by wallets and dashboards.

(The diagram is from Coinbase, link

In this paper, we divide the jobs into four categories: maintainers, creators, creators, and participants, and each category will serve in the Web3 stack corresponding to the above. Network maintainers around the world are the cornerstone of the underlying Web3.0 architecture, ensuring the proper functioning of multiple networks and generally serving the protocol layer. The creators are the strongest brains of the application layer (smart contract layer & use case layer), injecting a constant stream of new energy into the industry. The creators rely on the UGC platform in the use case layer to create content and convert it into digital assets to realize cash. Finally, participants can enjoy the early development dividends of Web3 through the tools in the access layer, and also get rewards through their contributions to the ecology.

Job category: O&M operator

I. Network maintainer

Whether in the POW or POS era, network operations and maintenance will be conducted through more distributed devices/nodes. Network maintainers are best known as bitcoin miners, ethereum miners, and filecoin miners. Network maintainers are tasked with maintaining infrastructure security and fairness and will play a role in the next-generation Internet, IoT, edge computing, and 5G.


  1. Node operators need to have physical equipment that meets the requirements.
  2. Node operators need to be very familiar with the networks they operate and maintain.

Job Category: Creator

The creation of a project requires developers, product design, UI design, market management, BD, community manager and other job types. Here they are grouped together in the creator column. Theoretically, flexible employment is applicable to these types of jobs.

II. Developers

After the project in hand is gradually improved, non-core developers have the opportunity to move on to the next project. There are few people who have several jobs. For example, the development teams of projects such as Realms and Crypts and Caverns in the Loot ecosystem overlap.

Qualifications: creative, quick thinking, energetic, and with rich development experience

III. Community Manager (Moderator)

Moderator, or MOD for short, is an essential career in Web 3.0, where NFT, Gamefi, Defi, and DAO projects all need people to manage their communities. The most competitive profession in the industry due to the opportunity to participate in early stage team profits.

Qualifications: Strong interest in a project, extensive network and industry resources

Type of work: creator

IV. Artist

Since the development of NFT, hundreds of artists such as Beeples, Yuga Labs, Fang Lijun and other artists and studios have released NFT works. The NFT has provided artists with a new way to cash in by skipping the traditional intermediaries of galleries and auction houses.

Requirements: Professional skills in painting and design are required, and visibility in the industry is a plus.

V: Metaverse Architects

Since the development of virtual world projects such as Sandbox, Decentraland and Crypto Voxel, there has been a growing demand for real-world companies to build virtual headquarters. Meta-universe architects have also become a cutting-edge profession.

Requirements: skills in UI, modeling, drawing, and familiarity with different ecological construction models are required.

VI. Game Designer

Sandbox, Decentraland and Crypto Voxel such virtual world projects are essentially UGC platforms. Game designers can not only create their own NFT on the platform, but also participate in the design of maps, levels and battle modes in the games on the platform, and have their own voxel games.

Requirements: experience in voxel design and game production

Type of work: Participant

VII. Gamer

In some chain game industries, gold players and gold playing guilds have become a very important part of the ecology. Axie Infinity players need to buy more expensive game assets to play gold, so guilds pay for players to contribute to the early P2E model. In Sandbox as well as Skyweaver, only smooth and experienced players are rewarded for playing gold.

Availability: In kryptonite games, players need to have a budget for acquiring game assets.

In non-kryptonian games, players need to have high gaming skills.

Defi/Cefi miner

Defi/Cefi miners refer to a group of people who flexibly allocate funds to Defi protocols/centralized exchanges to earn revenue. Defi/Cefi miners are more than personal investors and require systematic research and a keen sense of the industry.

Requirements: a certain capital size and expertise in Defi/Cefi.

To sum up the above, talents with professional skills, language level, and lively and creative thinking will have more competitive advantages in Web 3.0. From the entrepreneurial level, good people need to get rid of the traditional web 2.0 thinking logic to develop new products, have the appeal to get the support of most people, and integrate resources to expand the ecological construction. It doesn’t matter if the average person can’t be as “specialized” as an entrepreneur, the focused can also capture their own opportunities with their ability to discover, insight, and aggregate and analyze projects.


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